In a separate article, we looked at First Year Allowance (FYA) that typically involves allowing taxpayers to write off a percentage of the expenditure of providing a capital asset in the year it was acquired. Writing Down Allowance (WDA) is different in that you can claim up to a set percentage of the balance (such as 20%) to be claimed as capital allowance each year. The allowance is calculated on the written-down value, i.e. original cost minus all the capital allowances claimed in past years.
The above practice is clearly evident in the case of single assets. In the case of these assets, when the asset is disposed off, the disposal value is compared with the written down value and a “balancing adjustment” is made. If the disposal value is higher, the excess capital allowance claimed in past years is added back in current year as “balancing charge.” If the disposal value is lower than the written down value, the difference in value is allowed to be claimed in that year as “balancing allowance.”
The scenario becomes somewhat complex when more than one asset is “pooled” for capital allowance purposes. Pooling involves adding expenditure on new assets to the pool total and deducting disposal proceeds from the total. If disposal proceeds exceed the expenditure in the pool, the excess is added to income as balancing charge.
Balancing allowances are not allowed in the case of pooling until the qualifying activity ends. At that time, any remaining qualifying expenditure in the pool is allowed as a balancing allowance.
Certain assets are required to be accounted separately for capital allowance purposes. These are single asset pools, and either a balancing charge or balancing allowance can arise when the asset is disposed off. Assets to be maintained as single asset pools include:
There can be more than one multi-asset pools and the long-life asset pool is of particular significance for property businesses. We will look at the issue in a separate article.